MOZAMBICAN COMMUNITY’S PROMISING HUNTING REVENUE POWERED DEVELOPMENT
By Emmanuel Koro
Johannesburg, 28 January 2021
Wildlife hunting is increasingly becoming the main ‘driver’ for not only socio-economic
development but also for wildlife and wildlife habitat conservation, in southern African
communities that co-exist with wildlife.
When a group of SADC journalists went on a study tour to Mozambique’s Tete Province-based
Tchuma Tchato Community in 1999, they saw a Community that lacked almost all the basic
needs. A very poor community, where only the fish and waters of the Zambezi River were
seemingly the main sources of their livelihoods. Local residents could be seen fishing, using
canoes and engine powered old boats. They did not fear the monstrous sized crocodiles that
are a common sight in that part of the mighty Zambezi River, about 600 kilometres away from
the point it empties itself downstream into the Indian Ocean. The few crops they grew
continued to be destroyed by wildlife such as hippos and elephants.
Back then the visiting SADC journalists were told that wildlife hunting had recently been
started in the area. Part of the revenue generated from it was going to improve people’s
livelihoods, including creating jobs. It was very difficult for most of the journalists to imagine
that hunting could ever bring revenue to meet the missing basic development needs for the
Twenty-two years later, hunting has stunningly brought roads to the Tchuma Tchato Hunting
Community that was almost inaccessible using an ordinary vehicle. Without a school, 22 years
ago, Tchuma Tchato Community’s Bawa Village now has a hunting revenue built primary
school. Tchuma Tchato Community only has one secondary school in Zumbo Village. Another
secondary is urgently needed in the far away Chintopho Village, where hunting revenue
would be used to construct it.
Unlike before when the Tchuma Tchato hunting communities fetched water from the banks
of the crocodile and hippo populated Zambezi River, risking life and limb; today they are
fetching it from hunting revenue drilled boreholes.
“Using money from hunting we have built a community school, drilled community boreholes
and bought maize grinding mills,” said the Tchumatchato Community Chairman, Mr
Clemente Shumba. “We are enjoying the hunting benefits that have taught us to value and
conserve wildlife and its habitat.”
Wildlife that is hunted there include elephant, leopard, buffalo, fish, lion, hippo, warthog and
crocodile as well as an abundant population of plains game animals. Tchuma Tchato is literary
translated into English as ‘our wealth.’ Wildlife revenue is the only significant source of wealth
for the Community.
Safaris De Moçambique LDA Operations Manager, Mr Justin Rodger, said that The Tchuma
Tchato Community’s Tete Province-based hunting area boasts of having Tete’s largest
The Safaris De Moçambique LDA owner, Mr Simon Rodger said in an interview that their
company has drilled 18 boreholes in the area, for both the community and wildlife.
“The company has built roads that are collectively over 600 kilometres long, throughout the
area and maintains all of them, including community roads. The roads are also being used as
a fire management tool,” said Mr Rodger. “Meat from hunting is distributed fairly to all the
communities, through the conservation committee or gestao.”
The company also holds conservation education courses for the local children. In the past
they donated sewing machines and grinding mills as well as motorbikes to the community as
part of their social responsibility to help create self-employment. Safaris De Moçambique LDA
also helps repair the Community’s’ maize grinding mills, bicycles, donkey carts and
“We employ a full time anti-poaching unit and at the moment we have 25 game scouts on the
ground who are working together with the local Tchuma Tchato authorities, local government
and communities to protect wildlife and stop illegal wildlife crime,” said Mr Rodger.
Safaris De Moçambique LDA also attends to problem animal cases on an ongoing basis as a
way of solving human-wildlife conflict.
“We also provide a free emergency medical transport service to anyone who requires
transportation to clinics or for medical emergencies,” he said.
“We contribute more than 50% of the total funds generated through hunting in Tete
Province,” said Mr Rodger. “The community received US$50 000.00 for the 2019 hunting
season - the largest ever pay-out from the government (33% of total trophy revenue) since
the formation of the Tchuma Tchato programme. This money is used by the conservation
committee for various democratically approved community projects such as schools, clinic,
transport, agriculture etc.”
The Tchuma Tchato Community is situated in a beautiful part of the Mid-Zambezi valley where
Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique share the same borders in the Kanyemba area, north of
Zimbabwe. The three countries are naturally separated by the Zambezi River and Luangwa
River between Mozambique and Zambia. The locals have already given the area an acronym
that represents the three countries’ names, ZIMOZA.
The wildlife hunting socioeconomic benefits from the Zambezi region can also be traced in
the nearby CAMPFIRE community of Masoka in Zimbabwe, where the flagship hunting
revenue built Masoka School has produced medical doctors, nurses, teachers, engineers,
doctors and accountants. From across the Luangwa River that separates Tchuma Tchato
Community with the neighbouring Zambian communities of Luangwa comes a successful
elephant conservation success story. Before hunting benefits, poaching reduced South
Luangwa’s elephant population from 90 000 in 1975 to about 1000 by 1988. But hunting
benefits later turned out to be magic elephant conservation ‘bullet’ that ‘shot’ down
poaching and increased the elephant population to 15 750, according Zambia’s great
elephant census of 2014-2015.
Meanwhile, it seems the potential of the Tchuma Tchato Community hunting benefits have
attracted the attention of the Mozambican Government.
“Plans are in the pipeline to upgrade the existing airfield in Zumbo, the Border town on the
Mozambican side of the ZIMOZA trans frontier area to handle international flights,” said
Safaris De Moçambique LDA Operations Manager, Mr Justin Rodger. “This would make tourist
travel to the Tchuma Tchato hunting community much easier and faster.”
Community road maintenance work
From fetching water on Zambezi River banks to having it pumped using a solar powered borehole
Hunting revenue built revenue Bawa Primary School from where many local children can escape from poverty through education
Hunting also contributes towards improving the nutritional wellbeing of the Tchuma Tchato residents through fair distribution of game meat
From left to right, Simon Rodgers and the members of Tchuma Tchato Community Development Committee