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Community-Based Natural Resource Management


CBNRM Leadership

Conservation Force is a leader in promotion of Communal Based Natural Resource Management as a conservation strategy that benefits both the rural poor and the wildlife around the world. This has included organized rural communities such as the CAMPFIRE Program in Zimbabwe benefitting millions of people, the +80 Communal Conservancies in Namibia that secure the largest population of black rhino, the WMAs in Tanzania, the Torghar Program in Pakistan that restored the then “endangered” markhor, and the Inuit of Nunavut in Canada’s Arctic who secure the world’s  largest population of polar bear.


We have legally  represented rural communities and their associations before courts, agencies and treaty bodies. We have funded and supported everything from sled dogs in the Arctic, sewerage disposal in the Darian Forrest of Panama to construction of hundreds of schools and medical facilities in hunting concessions in Africa.


As hunters we have a natural bond with indigenous people and with hunting operators like in Africa where hunting secures the most remaining wildlife habitat. From its inception, Conservation Force put this relationship to work for the good of all. One of the first projects was the Cullman & Hurt Community Wildlife Management Project in Tanzania that was developed as a model that has since been expanded to many operators and communities, both organized and unorganized. In that pioneering project hunting clients donated a sum equal to twenty percent of their trophy fees to Conservation Force which was, in turn, used to construct, equip and staff more than 50 schools, 12 medical dispensaries and 4 community anti-poaching teams.


The Force remains a trusted fiduciary partner of hunting and fishing operators and connected rural communities around the world.


One of our harbinger CBRNM projects started in the 1990s. Just one of our mobile health units in Tanzania in 1990s


Our Tanzania “partner” in 1990s, more than twenty years later  still rolling as the Robin Hurt Wildlife Foundation.

One of our first Successful CBNRM programs in the 1990s. It has been the subject of a number of university thesis and the decades long partnership with Conservation Force continues today as the Robin Hurt Wildlife Foundation.

Historical Documents Follow

(Click below to view slideshow)

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